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Aphrodite Urania-Christian Griepenkerl (1839-1916) Augusteums, OldenburgAphrodite Urania  (as patroness of the arts)

Ceiling painting above the grand staircase at Augusteum (Oldenburg)

Aphrodite Urania was an epithet of the Greek goddess Aphrodite, signifying “heavenly” or “spiritual”, to distinguish her from her more earthly aspect of Aphrodite Pandemos, “Aphrodite for all the people”. The two were used (mostly in literature) to differentiate the more “celestial” love of body and soul from purely physical lust. Plato represented her as a daughter of the Greek god Uranus, conceived and born without a mother.