Saturn Academic Study
Impostures Innocentes, on Recueil d’Estampes d’après divers Peintres Illustres, gravées a leur Imitation, et selon le gout particulier de chacun d’eux., by Bernard Picart, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1734.
Ptolemy lies prostrate at the feet of the Tychonic and Copernican models, saying “I will rise again!” He didn’t. This was the book that Galileo was supposed to write.
Prints made by Adriaen Collaert After Marten de Vos (1581)
Title-page; oval cartouche for title in centre with ornamental surround with female personifications of the four temperaments in the corners: Phlegma (holding bow), Sanguis (semi-naked), Melancolia (in a nun’s habit) and Cholera (in armour with a spear); also the four elements between in ovals and circles represented by animals: Aer (chameleon), Aqua (dolphin), Ignis (salamander) and Terra (bear);
Venus; she reclines on a cloud and takes an arrow from Cupid; on earth below a man holds up a hawk perched on his finger besides “Diligentia
Mars; he is wearing armour and surrounded by weaponry and sits on a cloud above; below an armoured warrior holds out his arm besides a woman holding some scales labelled “Discretio”; beyond a battle takes place; plate 5 (ages of man: virility);
The Sun; a male personification with a flaming face, looking downwards and sitting on a cloud with his arms outstretched and holding a sceptre; in the foreground an armoured warrior with a lance stands besides a female spinning; beyond a tournament takes place with jousting and soldiers fighting with swords; plate 4 (ages of man: youth);
The moon and the zodiac sign of Cancer; Luna sits on a crescent moon in the clouds above and she looks down towards Charitas suckling two infants; a hen sits with her chicks nearby; small children run around and play games and others gather around a fire; plate 1 (ages of man: infancy);
Saturn; sitting on a cloud he holds a youth with a scythe between his legs; below a female figure labelled “Conscientia” holds a book and points upwards standing besides an elderly man on a chair; on the ground is a flask, spectacles atop an hour-glass and a fire in a cart; beyond is a church and a monk takes the hand of a crippled figure with no feet; plate 7 (ages of man: old age);
Jupiter; he sits astride an eagle and holds thunder and lightning bolts; below a turbaned figure holding a rod gestures towards a seated woman, labelled “Memoria” besides an urn; beyond a ruler sits on a throne outside of a tent with his soldiers andon a hill beyond a figure is about to be beheaded; plate 6 (ages of man: middle age); on full sheet; after Maarten de Vos. 1581